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dc.contributor.authorZervos, Matthewen
dc.contributor.authorTsokkou, D.en
dc.contributor.authorPervolaraki, M.en
dc.contributor.authorOthonos, A.en
dc.creatorZervos, Matthewen
dc.creatorTsokkou, D.en
dc.creatorPervolaraki, M.en
dc.creatorOthonos, A.en
dc.description.abstractIndium oxide (In 2O 3) nanocrystals (NCs) have been obtained via atmospheric pressure, chemical vapour deposition (APCVD) on Si(111) via the direct oxidation of In with Ar:10% O 2 at 1000 °C but also at temperatures as low as 500 °C by the sublimation of ammonium chloride (NH 4Cl) which is incorporated into the In under a gas flow of nitrogen (N 2). Similarly InN NCs have also been obtained using sublimation of NH 4Cl in a gas flow of NH 3. During oxidation of In under a flow of O 2 the transfer of In into the gas stream is inhibited by the formation of In 2O 3 around the In powder which breaks up only at high temperatures, i.e. T > 900 °C, thereby releasing In into the gas stream which can then react with O 2 leading to a high yield formation of isolated 500 nm In 2O 3 octahedrons but also chains of these nanostructures. No such NCs were obtained by direct oxidation for T G < 900 °C. The incorporation of NH 4Cl in the In leads to the sublimation of NH 4Cl into NH 3 and HCl at around 338 °C which in turn produces an efficient dispersion and transfer of the whole In into the gas stream of N 2 where it reacts with HCl forming primarily InCl. The latter adsorbs onto the Si(111) where it reacts with H 2O and O 2 leading to the formation of In 2O 3 nanopyramids on Si(111). The rest of the InCl is carried downstream, where it solidifies at lower temperatures, and rapidly breaks down into metallic In upon exposure to H 2O in the air. Upon carrying out the reaction of In with NH 4Cl at 600 °C under NH 3 as opposed to N 2, we obtain InN nanoparticles on Si(111) with an average diameter of 300 nm.en
dc.sourceNanoscale Research Lettersen
dc.subjectChlorine compoundsen
dc.subjectIndium oxideen
dc.subjectHigh temperatureen
dc.subjectLow temperature growthen
dc.subjectSi (1 1 1)en
dc.subjectChemical vapor depositionen
dc.subjectFlow of gasesen
dc.subjectGas flowsen
dc.subjectAmmonium compoundsen
dc.subjectHigh yielden
dc.subjectAverage diameteren
dc.subjectAtmospheric pressureen
dc.subjectAmmonium chlorideen
dc.subjectDirect oxidationen
dc.subjectGas streamsen
dc.subjectIndium nitrideen
dc.subjectLow temperatureen
dc.subjectChemical vapour depositionfr
dc.titleLow temperature growth of In 2O 3 and InN nanocrystals on Si(111) via chemical vapour deposition based on the sublimation of NH 4Cl in Inen
dc.description.endingpage497Πολυτεχνική Σχολή / Faculty of EngineeringΤμήμα Μηχανικών Μηχανολογίας και Κατασκευαστικής / Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
dc.contributor.orcidZervos, Matthew [0000-0002-6321-233X]

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