Synthesis and aqueous solution characterization of amphiphilic diblock copolymers containing carbazole
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A series of near-monodisperse diblock copolymers of 2-(N-carbazolyl)ethyl methacrylate and 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) of relatively low molecular weights (2600-24,000 g mol-1) were synthesized by group transfer polymerization using tetrahydrofuran (THF) as a solvent. The molecular weight distributions and compositions of all the copolymers were obtained using gel permeation chromatography (GPC) in THF and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy, respectively. Differential scanning calorimetry and thermal gravimetric analysis provided low glass transition temperatures (Tgs) of about 60 °C and decomposition temperatures between 320 and 450 °C for the copolymers, respectively. The three copolymers with the highest DMAEMA content were water-soluble below pH 7. Aqueous GPC at pH 3 showed that the water-soluble block copolymers formed micelles with apparent number average molecular weights above 100,000 g mol-1. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.