ABC triblock polymethacrylates: Group transfer polymerization synthesis of the ABC, ACB, and BAC topological isomers and solution characterization
AuthorPatrickios, Costas S.
Lowe, A. B.
Armes, S. P.
Billingham, N. C.
SourceJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
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ABC triblock copolymers of methyl methacrylate (MMA), (dimethylamino)-ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA), and tetrahydropyranyl methacrylate (THPMA) consisting of 12 units of each type of monomer were synthesized by group transfer polymerization (GTP). These were the three topological isomers with different block sequences: DMAEMA12-THPMA12-MMA12, DMAEMA12-MMA12-THPMA12, and THPMA12-DMAEMA12-MMA12. The molecular weights and molecular weight distributions of the copolymers were determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) in tetrahydrofuran, and their number-average degrees of polymerization and copolymer compositions were calculated by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-NMR). These molecular weights and degrees of polymerization corresponded closely to the values expected from the monomer/initiator ratios. The polydispersities were low as expected for GTP, and ranged from 1.09 to 1.25. The three triblocks were chemically modified by converting the THPMA units to methacrylic acid (MAA) units either by thermolysis or acid hydrolysis. The resulting ABC triblock polyampholytes were characterized by 1H-NMR spectroscopy and hydrogen ion titration. Aqueous GPC studies in 1.0M NaCl at pH 8.5 showed that the triblock copolymers form micelles whose size depends on their block sequence. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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