Cationic amphiphilic model networks based on symmetrical ABCBA pentablock terpolymers: Synthesis, characterization, and modelling
AuthorTriftaridou, Aggeliki I.
Patrickios, Costas S.
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Eight isomeric networks based on equimolar terpolymers were synthesized using group transfer polymerization (GTP) and were characterized in terms of their swelling properties. Two hydrophilic monomers, the nonionic methoxy hexa(ethylene glycol) methacrylate (HEGMA) and the ionizable 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA), and a hydrophobic (nonionic) monomer, methyl methacrylate (MMA), were employed for the syntheses. 1,4-Bis(methoxytrimethylsiloxymethylene)cyclohexane (MTSMC) was used as the bifunctional GTP initiator, while ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) served as the cross-linker. Seven of the networks were model networks, six of which were based on the symmetrical pentablock terpolymers ABCBA, ACBCA, BACAB, BCACB, CBABC, and CABAC, whereas the seventh model network was based on the statistical terpolymer. The eighth network was a randomly cross-linked network based on the statistical terpolymer, prepared by the simultaneous quaterpolymerization of the three monomers and the cross-linker. The molecular weights and molecular weight distributions of the linear pentablock terpolymer precursors, as well as those of their homopolymer and ABA triblock copolymer precursors, were characterized by gel permeation chromatography (GPC in tetrahydrofuran. The sol fraction of each network was measured and found to be relatively low. The aqueous degrees of swelling of all networks were found to increase at acidic pH due to the ionization of the DMAEMA tertiary amine units. The acidic degrees of swelling of the pentablock terpolymer networks were lower than those of their statistical counterparts due to microphase separation in the former type of networks, also confirmed by thermodynamic calculations and small-angle neutron scattering experiments. © 2007 American Chemical Society.
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