Do neurocognitive deficits in decision making differentiate conduct disorder subtypes?
AuthorFanti, Kostas A.
Kimonis, Eva R.
PublisherDr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag GmbH and Co. KG
SourceEuropean Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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The present study aimed to test whether neurocognitive deficits involved in decision making underlie subtypes of conduct-disorder (CD) differentiated on the basis of callous-unemotional (CU) traits. Eighty-five participants (Mage = 10.94 years) were selected from a sample of 1200 children based on repeated assessment of CD and CU traits. Participants completed a multi-method battery of well-validated measures of risky decision making and associated constructs of selective attention and future orientation (Stroop, Stoplight, and Delay-Discounting Tasks). Findings indicated that impaired decision making, selective attention, and future orientation contribute to the antisocial presentations displayed by children with CD, irrespective of level of CU traits. Youth high on CU traits without CD showed less risky decision making, as indicated by their performance on the Stoplight laboratory task, than those high on both CD and CU traits, suggesting a potential protective factor against the development of antisocial behavior. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.