The effect of topoisomerase inhibitors on the expression of differentiation markers and cell cycle progression in human K-562 leukemia cells
AuthorConstantinou, Andreas I.
SourceExperimental cell research
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Treatment of human K-562-J leukemia cells for 1 h with the topoisomerase II-reactive drugs VP-16, VM-26, or mAMSA resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of proliferation and in an increase in the percentage of cells staining positive for hemoglobin, a marker of erythroid differentiation. Staining for hemoglobin of up to about 60% of the cells was observed at 20 μM VP-16, 1 μM VM-26, and 8 μM mAMSA. Such treatment also caused a G2 M arrest in the cell cycle. Incubation of the cells with radiolabeled VP-16 indicated that the induced erythroid differentiation was not due to continuous cell exposure to a residual amount of the drug. VP-16-induced erythroid differentiation was also not affected by DNA, RNA, or protein synthesis inhibitors. Differentiation induction and the G2 M arrest evoked by VP-16, VM-26, and mAMSA were, however, reduced in the presence of novobiocin. Our results indicate that topo-reactive drugs that cause G2 M arrest in the K-562-J cell cycle can induce in these cells erythroid differentiation after a short and irreversible interaction with their target molecule(s). © 1992.