Comparison of Two Different Doses of Ondansetron plus Dexamethasone in the Prophylaxis of Cisplatin-lnduced Emesis
Constantinou, Andreas I.
Athanassiou, Athanassios E.
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This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of two different doses of ondansetron (8 mg vs. 24 mg) plus dexamethasone in the prevention of cisplatin (CDDP)-induced emesis and nausea (acute and delayed). The persistence of the anti-emetic efficacy during the second cycle of chemotherapy was also assessed. Eighty patients receiving high-dose CDDP (> 80 mg/m2) were randomized to have either ondansetron 8 mg plus dexamethasone 20 mg (8 mg group) or ondansetron 24 mg plus dexamethasone 20 mg (24 mg group), given intravenously as a single dose before the CDDP infusion. From days 2-5, all patients received oral ondansetron 8 mg twice daily. Seventy-five patients (38 in the 8 mg group and 37 in the 24 mg group) were evaluable for analysis. Among these, there were 24 patients who received ifosfamide (IFO) on the 2nd day of treatmentthese patients were evaluated separately for delayed emesis. Complete protection from acute emesis was obtained in 26 (68.4%) and 26 (70.3%) patients, in the two groups, respectively. Complete protection against acute nausea was achieved in 23 (60.5%) and 24 (64.9%) patients, respectively. With respect to the delayed emesis, complete protection was achieved in 14 (56%) and 13 (50%) patients not receiving IFO and in 4 (30.8%) and 3 (27.3%) of those receiving IFO. The figures for the delayed nausea were: 12 (48%) and 13 (50%), 2 (15.4%) and 2 (18.2%), respectively. Similar protection against emesis and nausea was recorded during the second cycle of chemotherapy. Both regimens have the same efficacy and thus, taking into account the cost-effectiveness, 8 mg of ondansetron plus dexamethasone in a single intravenous dose should be used for the prevention of high-dose CDDP-induced emesis. © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel.