Silver-mediated palladium-catalyzed direct C-H arylation of 3-bromoisothiazole-4-carbonitrile
AuthorIoannidou, Heraklidia A.
Koutentis, Panayiotis Andreas
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Silver(I) fluoride-mediated Pd-catalyzed C-H direct arylation/ heteroarylation of 3-bromoisothiazole-4-carbonitrile (1a) gives twenty-four 5-aryl/heteroaryl-3-bromoisothiazole-4-carbonitriles. The reaction was partially optimized with respect to catalyst, ligand, and base. During this study 3,3′-dibromo-5,5′-biisothiazole-4,4′-dicarbonitrile (3a) was isolated as a byproduct and subsequently prepared via the silver-mediated Pd-catalyzed oxidative dimerization of 3-bromoisothiazole-4-carbonitrile in 67% yield. The analogous phenylation and oxidative dimerization of 3-chloroisothiazole-4-carbonitrile (1b) gave 3-chloro-5-phenylisothiazole-4- carbonitrile (4) and 3,3′-dichloro-5,5′-biisothiazole-4,4′- dicarbonitrile (3b) in 96% and 69% yields, respectively. © 2011 American Chemical Society.