ICPBCZin: A red emitting ratiometric fluorescent indicator with nanomolar affinity for Zn2+ ions
Sideris, D. P.
Katerinopoulos, H. E.
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A new fluorescent Zn2+ indicator, namely, ICPBCZin was synthesized and the spectral profile of its free and Zn2+ bound forms was studied. The newly synthesized zinc indicator incorporates as chromophore the chromeno [3′,2′:3,4]pyrido[1,2a] [1,3]benzimidazole moiety and belongs to the dicarboxylate-type of zinc probes. The compound is excited with visible light, exhibits high selectivity for zinc in the presence of calcium and other common biological ions, and its Zn2+ dissociation constant is 4.0 nM. Fluorescence spectra studies of ICPBCZin indicated a clear shift in its emission wavelength maxima upon Zn2+ binding, as it belongs to the class of Photoinduced Charge Transfer (PCT) indicators, along with changes in fluorescence intensity that enable the compound to be used as a ratiometric, visible-excitable Zn2+ probe. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.