Prediction of high-risk asymptomatic carotid plaques based on ultrasonic image features
AuthorKyriacou, Efthyvoulos C.
Pattichis, Constantinos S.
Pattichis, Marios S.
Griffin, Maura B.
Kakkos, Stavros K.
Nicolaïdes, Andrew N.
SourceIEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine
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Carotid plaques have been associated with ipsilateral neurological symptoms. High-resolution ultrasound can provide information not only on the degree of carotid artery stenosis but also on the characteristics of the arterial wall including the size and consistency of atherosclerotic plaques. The aim of this study is to determine whether the addition of ultrasonic plaque texture features to clinical features in patients with asymptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis (ACS) improves the ability to identify plaques that will produce stroke. 1121 patients with ACS have been scanned with ultrasound and followed for a mean of 4 years. It is shown that the combination of texture features based on second-order statistics spatial gray level dependence matrices (SGLDM) and clinical factors improves stroke prediction (by correctly predicting 89 out of the 108 cases that were symptomatic). Here, the best classification results of $77 \pm 1.8\%$ were obtained from the use of the SGLDM texture features with support vector machine classifiers. The combination of morphological features with clinical features gave slightly worse classification results of $76 \pm 2.6\%$. These findings need to be further validated in additional prospective studies. © 2012 IEEE.
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