The mouse Foxi3 transcription factor is necessary for the development of posterior placodes
Edlund, R. K.
Groves, A. K.
Google Scholar check
MetadataShow full item record
The inner ear develops from the otic placode, one of the cranial placodes that arise from a region of ectoderm adjacent to the anterior neural plate called the pre-placodal domain. We have identified a Forkhead family transcription factor, Foxi3, that is expressed in the pre-placodal domain and down-regulated when the otic placode is induced. We now show that Foxi3 mutant mice do not form otic placodes as evidenced by expression changes in early molecular markers and the lack of thickened placodal ectoderm, an otic cup or otocyst. Some preplacodal genes downstream of Foxi3-Gata3, Six1 and Eya1-are not expressed in the ectoderm of Foxi3 mutant mice, and the ectoderm exhibits signs of increased apoptosis. We also show that Fgf signals from the hindbrain and cranial mesoderm, which are necessary for otic placode induction, are received by pre-placodal ectoderm in Foxi3 mutants, but do not initiate otic induction. Finally, we show that the epibranchial placodes that develop in close proximity to the otic placode and the mandibular division of the trigeminal ganglion are missing in Foxi3 mutants. Our data suggest that Foxi3 is necessary to prime pre-placodal ectoderm for the correct interpretation of inductive signals for the otic and epibranchial placodes. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Overexpression of the m4 and mα genes of the E(spl)-Complex antagonizes Notch mediated lateral inhibition Apidianakis, Yiorgos; Nagel, A. C.; Chalkiadaki, Angeliki; Preiss, A.; Delidakis, Christos (1999)Intercellular signalling mediated by Notch proteins is crucial to many cell fate decisions in metazoans. Its profound effects on cell fate and proliferation require that a complex set of responses involving positive and ...
Prognostic significance of WNT and hedgehog pathway activation markers in cancer of unknown primary Fotopoulos, George; Goussia, Anna; Bareta, E.; Koumpis, E.; Chrisafi, S.; Bobos, M.; Malamou-Mitsi, Vassiliki D.; Fountzilas, George; Pavlidis, Nicholas; Pentheroudakis, George (2015)Background: Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) possesses distinct biology and peculiar natural history, in which the roles of the winged and hedgehog signalling pathways are unclear. Materials and methods: We constructed ...
New Insights for Ets2 Function in Trophoblast using Lentivirus-Mediated Gene Knockdown in Trophoblast Stem Cells Odiatis, C.; Georgiades, Pantelis (2010)Mouse trophoblast stem (TS) cells represent a unique in vitro system that provides an unlimited supply of TS cells for the study of trophoblast differentiation and TS cell self-renewal. Although the mouse transcription ...